Skip to main content. Lead Author s : Openstax Content. Source: OpenStax. Get your students excited about solving Psychology problems by engaging them every step of the way with this interactive text by OpenStax. Download EPUB. This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4. Chapter Outline. Clive Wearing is an accomplished musician who lost his ability to form new memories when he became sick at the age of While he can remember how to play the piano perfectly, he cannot remember what he ate for breakfast just an hour ago Sacks, James Wannerton experiences a taste sensation that is associated with the sound of words.
John Nash is a brilliant mathematician and Nobel Prize winner. However,while he was a professor at MIT, he would tell people that the New York Times contained coded messages from extraterrestrial beings that were intended for him. He also began to hear voices and became suspicious of the people around him. Nash was the subject of the movie A Beautiful Mind. Why did these people have these experiences? How does the human brain work?
This text book will introduce you to various ways that the field of psychology has explored these questions. In Greek mythology, Psyche was a mortal woman whose beauty was so great that it rivaled that of the goddess Aphrodite. Aphrodite became so jealous of Psyche that she sent her son, Eros, to make Psyche fall in love with the ugliest man in the world. However, Eros accidentally pricked himself with the tip of his arrow and fell madly in love with Psyche himself.
He took Psyche to his palace and showered her with gifts, yet she could never see his face. Because of this betrayal, Eros abandoned Psyche. When Psyche appealed to Aphrodite to reunite her with Eros, Aphrodite gave her a series of impossible tasks to complete.Sharp tv keyboard on screen
The word psychology was coined at a time when the concepts of soul and mind were not as clearly distinguished Green, Since science studies only observable phenomena and the mind is not directly observable, we expand this definition to the scientific study of mind and behavior. The scientific study of any aspect of the world uses the scientific method to acquire knowledge. To apply the scientific method, a researcher with a question about how or why something happens will propose a tentative explanation, called a hypothesis, to explain the phenomenon.
A hypothesis is not just any explanation; it should fit into the context of a scientific theory. A scientific theory is a broad explanation or group of explanations for some aspect of the natural world that is consistently supported by evidence over time. A theory is the best understanding that we have of that part of the natural world. Armed with the hypothesis, the researcher then makes observations or, better still, carries out an experiment to test the validity of the hypothesis.
That test and its results are then published so that others can check the results or build on them. For example, that a bird sings because it is happy is not a testable hypothesis, since we have no way to measure the happiness of a bird. We must ask a different question, perhaps about the brain state of the bird, since this can be measured. In general, science deals only with matter and energy, that is, those things that can be measured, and it cannot arrive at knowledge about values and morality.Publisher: University of Minnesota Libraries Publishing.
At our learning institution, the preponderance of our students select General Psychology in order to fulfill their general education requirement. Since most of our students are not psychology majors, texts oriented towards giving a student an Comprehensiveness rating: 5 see less. Since most of our students are not psychology majors, texts oriented towards giving a student an adequate primer of the field are preferred.
Hence, this text seems to be a good selection for this type of student. The author's approach to relevant topical areas is an overarching one. This text sufficiently covers the subfields in psychology, without bogging down the reader in the intricacies of our discipline.
In particular, I appreciated this author's approach to human development, which tends to be a content heavy area. Additionally, the learning objectives at the beginning of the chapter give a clear roadmap to the reader.
The content area named "key takeaways" give the reader a nice annotated summary of important topical areas. For professors who want to be more indulgent in the content, the author provides a section on "exercises and critical thinking. I find that the text content provides an accurate portrayal of the field. Topical areas are presented in an unbiased, factual manner; however, the exercises on critical thinking provide the student an opportunity to think more "contextually" about the information presented.
There are topical areas in psychology that are ubiquitous to the field. These theories form the bedrock of our disciple upon which new research is laid upon. For example, the emergence of Positive Psychology and Neuroscience have provided a new and fascinating lens through which we look at human behavior. To this extent, the text seems to present a conventional view of psychology with dash of 21st century psychology. There is a section dedicated to addressing "positive emotions," although it is limited.Open source qr code generator
Additionally, the surgent topic of mindfulness practice is not covered nor the relevance of Neuroscience in our understanding the connection between the brain and human behavior. The text is written with an adequate amount of clarity and directness. Frankly, I think the author does a superb job at addressing the heart of the theoretical matter. Also the demonstration videos provide further clarity on the content. The examples provided seem to be relevant and compelling.
Further, the design of each chapter lends itself to clarity. The beginning of the chapter presents clear learning objectives, which serve as an expectational guide, and ends with a summary of key points to consider.
There are intra-correlations made within each chapter; however, there are few inter-connections made between different chapters. Within each chapter, there is consistency between the concept presented, its description, and the examples used to further elucidate its meaning. For those seeking to give a student a more holistic view of psychology, the text is limited.
For example, if you are seeking to provide students a broader sense of how internal emotions and cognitions along with external social events interface, you will have to create your own addendum to the chapter content.
Each chapter covers a specific topical area in psychology that is later expanded upon in the chapter. The content areas are directly aligned with the learning objectives presented at the beginning of the chapter and flow into the key summary points very well.
The chapter gives a sufficient amount of information to the reader to answer the critical thinking questions posed at the end of the chapter. The organization of the text is superb and consistent throughout the text.
The author appears to have set up a predictable cadence to each chapter beginning with learning outcomes, chapter content, and ending with a synopsis of key points. The text does not appear to present issues related to interface. Navigation through the chapter is clear and direct. The examples and features are crisp and clear.Search Speak now. Psychology Chapter 1.
Introduction to Psychology
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Quiz: Why am I so bored? Fun Quiz: The Impossible Test! Related Topics. Questions and Answers. Remove Excerpt. Removing question excerpt is a premium feature. Condition administered to the same participants who received the experimental condition. Theory of how thoughts and feelings affect behavior; push and pull interaction. School of psychology that assumes people have positive values, free will, and deep inner creativity; which leads them to choose life fulfilling paths to personal growth.
Approach to understanding mental processes that focusees on the idea that the whole os more than the sum of its parts. Trained to help people with issues that naturally arise during the course of life. Type of phychologist who provides psychotherapy to administer and interpret psychological tests. Uses principles and theories of psychology in practical areas such as education, industry, and marketing.To login with Google, please enable popups.
True or false: Wilhelm Wundt was the founder of psychology in the United States. It was G. Stanley Hall. The behavioral perspective:. The psychodynamic perspective:. Argues that behavior is motivated by inner forces and conflicts about which we have little awareness. Neuroscience perspective.Microwave oven
Cognitive perspective. Humanistic perspective. Where might you find folk or popular psychology related information? Developmental psychology is defined as:. Nurture; nature. Behaviorists are NOT interested in studying:. Behavioral neuroscience is the study of how the brain and nervous system influence:. Empiricism says:.Psychology is the scientific study of mind and behavior.
Psychology is a popular major for students, a popular topic in the public media, and a part of our everyday lives. Television shows such as Dr.Dax calculatetable
Phil feature psychologists who provide personal advice to those with personal or family difficulties. Crime dramas such as CSILie to Meand others feature the work of forensic psychologists who use psychological principles to help solve crimes. And many people have direct knowledge about psychology because they have visited psychologists, for instance, school counselors, family therapists, and religious, marriage, or bereavement counselors. Because we are frequently exposed to the work of psychologists in our everyday lives, we all have an idea about what psychology is and what psychologists do.
In many ways I am sure that your conceptions are correct. Psychologists do work in forensic fields, and they do provide counseling and therapy for people in distress. But there are hundreds of thousands of psychologists in the world, and most of them work in other places, doing work that you are probably not aware of. Most psychologists work in research laboratories, hospitals, and other field settings where they study the behavior of humans and animals.
For instance, my colleagues in the Psychology Department at the University of Maryland study such diverse topics as anxiety in children, the interpretation of dreams, the effects of caffeine on thinking, how birds recognize each other, how praying mantises hear, how people from different cultures react differently in negotiation, and the factors that lead people to engage in terrorism. Other psychologists study such topics as alcohol and drug addiction, memory, emotion, hypnosis, love, what makes people aggressive or helpful, and the psychologies of politics, prejudice, culture, and religion.
Psychologists also work in schools and businesses, and they use a variety of methods, including observation, questionnaires, interviews, and laboratory studies, to help them understand behavior. This chapter provides an introduction to the broad field of psychology and the many approaches that psychologists take to understanding human behavior. We will consider how psychologists conduct scientific research, with an overview of some of the most important approaches used and topics studied by psychologists, and also consider the variety of fields in which psychologists work and the careers that are available to people with psychology degrees.
I expect that you may find that at least some of your preconceptions about psychology will be challenged and changed, and you will learn that psychology is a field that will provide you with new ways of thinking about your own thoughts, feelings, and actions.
Psychology is in part the study of behavior.
Why do you think these people are behaving the way they are? Skip to content Psychology is the scientific study of mind and behavior.Clive Wearing is an accomplished musician who lost his ability to form new memories when he became sick at the age of While he can remember how to play the piano perfectly, he cannot remember what he ate for breakfast just an hour ago Sacks, James Wannerton experiences a taste sensation that is associated with the sound of words.
John Nash is a brilliant mathematician and Nobel Prize winner. However, while he was a professor at MIT, he would tell people that the New York Times contained coded messages from extraterrestrial beings that were intended for him. He also began to hear voices and became suspicious of the people around him.
Nash was the subject of the movie A Beautiful Mind. Why did these people have these experiences? How does the human brain work? This textbook will introduce you to various ways that the field of psychology has explored these questions.
American Board of Forensic Psychology. American Psychological Association. Graduate training and career possibilities in exercise and sport psychology. Psychology as a career. Ashliman, D. Cupid and Psyche.
In Folktexts: A library of folktales, folklore, fairy tales, and mythology. Betancourt, H. The study of culture, ethnicity, and race in American psychology. American Psychologist48— Black, S.
Contributions of African Americans to the field of psychology. Journal of Black Studies3540— Bulfinch, T. The age of fable: Or, stories of gods and heroes. Buss, D. Sex differences in human mate preferences: Evolutionary hypotheses tested in 37 cultures. Behavioral and Brain Sciences121— Carlson, N. Physiology of Behavior 11th ed. Boston, MA: Pearson. Confer, J.
Evolutionary psychology. Controversies, questions, prospects, and limitations. American Psychologist65— Crawford, M. Psychology reconstructs the female — Psychology of Women Quarterly13— Danziger, K.Lenovo tp l540
The history of introspection reconsidered.Sign in. Don't have an account? We weren't able to detect the audio language on your flashcards. Please select the correct language below. Add to folder [? Find out how you can intelligently organize your Flashcards. You have created 2 folders. Please upgrade to Cram Premium to create hundreds of folders! Flashcards FlashCards Essays.
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What are the 4 main purposes of the brain?
Chapter 1: Introduction to Psychology Overview
Communicating internally 2. Initiating and coordinating behavior 3. Regulating growth and internal functions 4.
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